E/WEEK

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E/WEEK
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News about
The University of Iowa College of Engineering
Week of April 20, 2014
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E/WEEK College Staff:
Editor:  Wendy Brentner, director, alumni relations and communications
Contributing Writer:  Gary Galluzzo, University of Iowa News Services
Technical Consultant:  Susan Beckett, senior systems administrator
College Web Site:  www.engineering.uiowa.edu
E/WEEK Archives:  http://list.uiowa.edu/archives/eweek.html
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IN THIS EDITION:

1. Pennathur Is Lead Author on Research Team Receiving 2014 Liberty Mutual Award
2. Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Grabbing the Globe Seminar Focuses on Computer Aided Engineering in Racing
3. Peeples Is Part of New UI Mentoring Center for Minority Graduate Students
4. ANSYS: Hands-On Learning at the University of Iowa
5. Carrica Receives Research Contract from High Performance Technologies, Inc.
6. AIChE to Present Afternoon of Engineering Activities April 27
7. Sugiyama Receives Research Contract from Nippon Steel, Sumitomo Metal Corporation
8. College Events for the Coming Weeks
9. About E/WEEK

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1. Pennathur Is Lead Author on Research Team Receiving 2014 Liberty Mutual Award

Priyadarshini R. Pennathur, assistant professor of mechanical and industrial engineering, is the lead author a member of a team of nine researchers who received the 2014 Liberty Mutual Award for their scientific paper, “Technologies in the wild (TiW): human factors implications for patient safety in the cardiovascular operating room.”

The paper, published in Ergonomics (Vol. 56, No. 2, pp. 205-219, 2013), provides a richer and more realistic understanding of the potential risks to patient safety introduced by a multitude of technologies in a complex health care work system, specifically a cardiovascular operating room.

The award was presented at the 2014 Annual Conference of the Institute of Ergonomics and Human Factors held in April at Grand Harbour Hotel in Southampton, UK.

The Best Paper Award promotes excellence in safety and health research.  The annual award, established in 2005 by the Liberty Mutual Research Institute for Safety and the UK Institute for Ergonomics and Human Factors (formerly the Ergonomics Society), recognizes the paper that best contributes to the advancement of ergonomics.  The editors of Ergonomics, in conjunction with the Institute’s Honors Committee, select the winner from all of the papers published in the journal over the given year.

The winning paper describes technology-related hazards, that is, technologies that could lead to a medical error, in a complex, fast-paced, and high-stakes work environment – the cardiovascular operating room. The paper also examines the possible impact of these hazards on clinician cognition and performance based on an observational study on five large cardiac surgery centers in the USA.

For the investigation, researchers conducted an in-depth data analysis of technology-related hazards.   This prospective study applied multiple methods aimed at identifying risks to patient safety in cardiovascular operating rooms. 

The researchers focused specifically on technology-related hazards/risks.  The resulting data were collected during two 2.5 day visits to five sites, and included observational data from 20 cardiac surgeries (160 hours), follow-up questions to clarify and obtain more detailed information on the observations, and photographing of physical layouts and technologies for detailed analysis by human factors experts.

The data revealed four types of technology-related hazards:
1. Hazards due to technology design (e.g., user interface not providing at-a-glance view of critical information).
2. Organizational factors (e.g., considerably out-dated heart-lung equipment (for cardiac  bypass) being used due to financial constraints).
3. Physical/environmental factors (e.g., surgical suction canisters – important to check for blood loss during certain types of procedures- are always behind the electrical arm and not visible to anesthesia).
4. Functional status of a particular technology (i.e., functioning or non-functioning).

The researchers also identified 21 types of negatively affected cognitive processes (e.g., reduced attention, reduced vigilance, high workload, etc.).  The processes when combined with technology-related hazards may potentially reduce human performance and increase the possibility of human errors.

The paper suggests that manufacturers should design safety features into technologies instead of transferring the burden of troubleshooting technologies to the health care providers.

2. Mechanical and Industrial Engineering Grabbing the Globe Seminar Focuses on Computer Aided Engineering in Racing

The Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering will present a Grabbing the Globe seminar on computer aided engineering in racing from 3:30-4:20 p.m. April 24 in 101 Becker Communications Studies Building.

The seminar will be presented by mechanical engineering alumnus Nathan Horn, vehicle dynamics engineer for Chip Ganassi Racing with Felix Sabates.

Chip Ganassi Racing with Felix Sabates (CGRFS) is an automotive racing organization with teams competing in the IZOD IndyCar Series, NASCAR, and the TUDOR United SportsCar Championship. It is owned by businessmen Chip Ganassi and Felix Sabates. They have won 9 Open Wheel titles (4 in CART, 6 in IndyCar) and 5 Grand-Am championships.

3. Peeples Is Part of New UI Mentoring Center for Minority Graduate Students

The University of Iowa has been awarded a three-year, $1.2 million grant from the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation to establish one of only five University Centers of Exemplary Mentoring (UCEM) in the nation.

The centers are located at universities with proven records of educating underrepresented minority graduate students in STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) disciplines. Participating universities are expected to expand, strengthen and institutionalize minority recruitment, mentoring, educational support and professional development.

Tonya Peeples, professor of chemical and biochemical engineering and associate dean for diversity and outreach, is a principal investigator in the new center.

The UCEM’s director will be Colleen Mitchell, mathematics associate professor and chair of the Department of Mathematics Committee on Diversity and Inclusion.

Planned UCEM activities at the University of Iowa include:
* Increased recruitment and outreach efforts.
* Expanded mentoring programs for minority scholars.
* Development of year-round seminars, workshops, and social events to provide professional development opportunities to minority students.

In addition to the UI, the University of South Florida was awarded an UCEM for 2014. These schools join three others awarded in 2013—Cornell University, Georgia Institute of Technology, and Pennsylvania State University.

The UI was selected based on several criteria, including: historical success recruiting and mentoring doctoral students from underrepresented minorities; the quality of its departments and programs constituting the UCEM; the quality, breadth and creativity of planned future activities; and the strength of its institutional commitment to furthering education for underrepresented minorities in the natural and physical sciences, mathematics, and engineering.

The University Centers of Exemplary Mentoring represent a change in the direction of the Sloan Foundation’s Minority Ph.D. Program. Founded in 1995, the program initially focused on support at the individual mentor or department level, providing scholarships to students in more than 60 graduate programs across the country.

Each UCEM participant will receive administrative support through the National Action Council for Minorities in Engineering. Students supported through these programs will also have the opportunity to participate in the Southern Regional Education Board’s Institute on Teaching and Mentoring, the largest professional development conference for minority scholars.

4. ANSYS: Hands-On Learning at the University of Iowa

At the University of Iowa, Frederick Stern, George D. Ashton Professor of Hydraulics and Engineering, professor of mechanical and industrial engineering, and faculty research engineer at IIHR--Hydroscience & Engineering, has developed a customized educational approach using the ANSYS Workbench interface and tools that help students quickly learn to use ANSYS Fluent for advanced computational fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations, while reinforcing introductory fluid mechanics concepts.

The news feature appears in a publication by ANSYS, Inc., an engineering simulation software developer, headquartered in Pittsburgh, PA.

To read the article, go to http://www.ansys.com/Resource+Library/Articles/Hands-On+Learning+at+the+....

5. Carrica Receives Research Contract from High Performance Technologies, Inc.

Pablo Carrica, associate professor of mechanical and industrial engineering and associate faculty research engineer at IIHR Hydroscience & Engineering, has received a $38,811 research contract from High Performance Technologies, Inc.

Carrica will study cable model implementation for high-performance computational fluid dynamics of towed marine vehicles.

High Performance Technologies, Inc. serves the southeastern U.S. and beyond by focusing on the delivery of custom IT lifecycle solutions.

6. AIChE to Present Afternoon of Engineering Activities April 27

The student chapter of the American Institute of Chemical Engineers will host an Afternoon of Engineering Activities from 1:00-3:30 p.m. April 27 for children in kindergarten through fifth grade.  The event will be held at the Seamans Center.

There will be activities, games, crafts, and snacks, all geared toward engineering principles with an emphasis on the environmental sciences.

The cost is $15 for one child, $25 for two children, and $30 for three children.  Payment can be made at event.

Pre-registration is requested.  To register, contact Anna Rawerts by email anna-rawerts@uiowa.edu or call 319/329-1469.  All participants must fill out a permission form, available from Anna Rawerts.

7. Sugiyama Receives Research Contract from Nippon Steel, Sumitomo Metal Corporation

Hiroyuki Sugiyama, associate professor of mechanical and industrial engineering, has received a $64,129 research contract from Nippon Steel and Sumitomo Metal Corporation.

Sugiyama will study modeling of wheel and rail profile wear on small radius curved track in vehicle dynamics simulation.

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8. College Events for the Coming Weeks

April 24 – Mechanical and Industrial Grabbing the Globe Seminar, 3:30-4:20 p.m., Becker Communications Studies Building.  Mechanical Engineering alumnus Nathan Horn will present on “Computer Aided Engineering in Racing.”

April 25 – Environmental Engineering and Science Graduate Seminar, 3:30-4:20 p.m., Long Classroom, 3505 Seamans Center.  Andrew Awad, CEE EES MS degree candidate, will speak on "Temporal Distributions of Gas Phase and Particulate Phase PCBs and OH–PCBs in Chicago Air."

April 27 – American Institute for Chemical Engineers Student Chapter Presents Afternoon of Engineering Activities, 1:00-3:30 p.m., Seamans Center.

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9. About E/WEEK

E/WEEK is a weekly electronic newsletter to inform faculty, staff, and students about important news and events of The University of Iowa College of Engineering.

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